Assalamu Alaikum!

Assalamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh!

Bismillah Al Rahman Al Raheem

Bukhari Volume 3, Book 43, Number 625:
Narrated Muawiya bin Suwald:

I heard Al-Bara’ bin ‘Azib saying, “The Prophet orders us to do seven things and prohibited us from doing seven other things.” Then Al-Bara’ mentioned the following:–

(1) To pay a visit to the sick (inquiring about his health),

(2) to follow funeral processions,

(3) to say to a sneezer, “May Allah be merciful to you” (if he says, “Praise be to Allah!”),

(4) to return greetings,

(5) to help the oppressed,

(6) to accept invitations,

(7) to help others to fulfill their oaths. (See Hadith No. 753, Vol. 7)

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace and blessing be upon him) observed: You shall not enter Paradise so long as you do not affirm belief (in all those things which are the articles of faith) and you will not believe as long as you do not love one another. Should I not direct you to a thing which, if you do, will foster love amongst you: (i. e.) give currency to (the practice of paying salutation to one another by saying) as-salamu alaikum. Muslim Book 001, Number 0096:

It is narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah b. ‘Amr that a man asked the Messenger of Allah (may peace and blessings be upon him) which of the merits (is superior) in Islam. He (the Holy Prophet) remarked: That you provide food and extend greetings to one whom you know or do not know.(Muslim)

Abu Sa’id Kbudri reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: Avoid sitting on the paths. They (his Companions) said: Allah’s Messenger. there is no other help to it (but to sit here as we) hold our meetings and discuss matters there. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: If you have to sit at all, theg fulfil the rights, of the path. They said: What are their rights? Thereupon he said: Keeping the eye downward (so that you may not stare at the women), refraining from doing some harm to the other and exchanging mutual greetings (saying as-Salamu ‘Alaikum to one another) and commanding the good and forbidding the evil. Muslim Book 024, Number 5293:

Praise be to Allaah.

All people have the custom of greeting one another, and every group has its own distinctive greeting that distinguishes them from other people.

The Arabs used to greet one another with the words “An’im sabaahan” or “An’imu sabaahan” [equivalent to “Good morning” – Translator], using words derived from “al-ni’mah”, which means good living after the morning. The idea was that because the morning is the first part of the day, if a person encounters something good in the morning, the rest of the day will be good too.

When Islam came, Allaah prescribed that the manner of greeting among Muslims should be “Al-salaamu alaykum,” and that this greeting should only be used among Muslims and not for other nations. The meaning of salaam (literally, peace) is harmlessness, safety and protection from evil and from faults. The name al-Salaam is a Name of Allaah, may He be exalted, so the meaning of the greeting of salaam which is required among Muslims is, “May the blessing of His Name descend upon you.” The usage of the preposition ‘ala in ‘alaykum (upon you) indicates that the greeting is inclusive.

Ibn al-Qayyim said in Badaa’i’ al-Fawaa’id (144):

“Allaah, the Sovereign, the Most Holy, the Peace, prescribed that the greeting among the people of Islam should be ‘al-salaamu ‘alaykum’, which is better than all the greetings of other nations which include impossible ideas or lies, such as saying, ‘May you live for a thousand years,’ or things that are not accurate, such as ‘An’im sabaahan (Good morning),’ or actions that are not right, such as prostrating in greeting. Thus the greeting of salaam is better than all of these, because it has the meaning of safety which is life, without which nothing else can be achieved. So this takes precedence over all other aims or objectives. A person has two main aims in life: to keep himself safe from evil, and to get something good. Keeping safe from evil takes precedence over getting something good…”

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) made spreading salaam a part of faith. Al-Bukhaari (12, 28 and 6236), Muslim (39), Ahmad (2/169), Abu Dawood (5494), al-Nisaa’i, (8/107) and Ibn Hibbaan (505) narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar that a man asked the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “What is the best thing in Islam?” He said, “Feeding others and giving the greeting of salaam to those whom you know and those whom you do not know.”

Ibn Hajar said in al-Fath (1/56):

“i.e., do not single out anybody out of arrogance or to impress them, but do it to honour the symbols of Islam and to foster Islamic brotherhood.”

Ibn Rajab said in al-Fath (1/43):

“The hadeeth makes the connection between feeding others and spreading salaam because this combines good actions in both word and deed, which is perfect good treatment (ihsaan). Indeed, this is the best thing that you can do in Islam after the obligatory duties.”

Al-Sanoosi said in Ikmaal al-Mu’allim (1/244):

“What is meant by salaam is the greeting between people, which sows seeds of love and friendship in their hearts, as does giving food. There may be some weakness in the heart of one of them, which is dispelled when he is greeted, or there may be some hostility, which is turned to friendship by the greeting.”

Al-Qaadi said in Ikmaal al-Mu’allim (1:276):

“Here the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was urging the believers to soften their hearts. The best Islamic attitude is to love one another and greet one another, and this is achieved by words and deeds. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) urged the Muslims to foster love between one another by exchanging gifts and food, and by spreading salaam, and he forbade the opposite, namely forsaking one another, turning away from one another, spying on one another, seeking out information about one another, stirring up trouble and being two faced.

Love is one of the duties of Islam and one of the pillars of the Islamic system. One should give salaams to those whom one knows and those whom one does not know, out of sincerity towards Allaah; one should not try to impress other people by giving salaams only to those whom one knows and no-one else. This also entails an attitude of humility and spreading the symbols of this ummah through the word of salaam.”

Thus the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) explained that this salaam spreads love and brotherhood. Muslim (54), Ahmad (2/391), and al-Tirmidhi (2513) narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“You will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I not tell you about something which, if you do it, you will love one another? Spread salaam amongst yourselves.”

Al-Qaadi ‘Ayaad said in al-Ikmaal (1/304):

“This is urging us to spread salaam, as mentioned above, among those whom we know and those whom we do not know. Salaam is the first level of righteousness and the first quality of brotherhood, and it is the key to creating love. By spreading salaam the Muslims’ love for one another grows stronger and they demonstrate their distinctive symbols and spread a feeling of security amongst themselves. This is the meaning of Islam.”

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) also explained the reward earned by the one who says salaam, as was reported by al-Nisaa’i in ‘Aml al-yawm wa’l-laylah (368) and al-Bukhaari in al-Adab al-Mufrad (586) and by Ibn Hibban (493). They reported from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that a man passed by the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) whilst he was sitting with some others, and said “Salaam ‘alaykum (peace be upon you).” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “[He will have] ten hasanaat (rewards).” Another man passed by and said “Salaam ‘alaykum wa rahmat-Allaah (peace be upon you and the mercy of Allaah).” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “[He will have] twenty hasanaat.” Another man passed by and said “Salaam ‘alaykum wa rahmat-Allaahi wa barakaatuhu (peace be upon you and the mercy of Allaah and His blessings).” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “[He will have] thirty hasanaat.”

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded us to return salaams, and made it a right and a duty. Ahmad (2/540), al-Bukhaari (1240), Muslim (2792), al-Nisaa’i in al-Yawm wa’l-Laylah (221) and Abu Dawood (5031) all reported that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The Muslim has five rights over his fellow-Muslim: he should return his salaams, visit him when he is sick, attend his funeral, accept his invitation, and pray for mercy for him [say “Yarhamuk Allaah”] when he sneezes.”

generosity in Islam.

As humans, we have an innate sense of morality.  No matter what religion, race or colour we are, certain qualities serve as the moral standard.  We admire justice, bravery, honesty and compassion.  We abhor those who demonstrate treachery, cruelty or corruption.  Moral standards are universal, and one of the most important aspects of Islam is adherence to high moral standards and good manners.  Prophet Muhammad. May the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, taught Muslims to have the best manners and personal characteristics.  The Prophet’s own high standard of morals and manners made him the best example for Muslims to follow.  God said in the Quran:

“And verily you, O Muhammad, are on an exalted standard of character.” (Quran 68:4)

Generosity was among the countless good qualities of the Prophet Muhammad.  He was the most generous of people and he used to be most generous in Ramadan.[1]

One day the Prophet Muhammad offered the prayer in the mosque and then hurriedly went to his house and returned immediately.  A companion asked  why he left and he replied,

“I left a piece of gold at home which was given for charity and I disliked letting it remain a night in my house, so I bought it to the mosque to distribute.” (Saheeh Al-Bukhari)

Our worldly possessions are bounties from God, who is Al Kareem, the Most Generous.  Muslims believe that everything originates from God and everything will return to Him, thus, it is logical to behave as if that which we possess is merely a loan, something we are obligated to preserve, protect and ultimately share.

Whenever Prophet Muhammad met a miserly person, he advised him to be more generous and charitable.  Ibn `Abbas said that he heard Prophet Muhammad say, “The believer is not the one who eats when his neighbour beside him is hungry,” another companion heard the Prophet say, “The believer is simple and generous, but the wicked person is deceitful and ignoble.”

Generosity Defined

Princeton University wordnet defines generosity as the willingness to give freely.  Islam encourages this concept of generosity so much so that it is embedded in one of the five pillars of Islam, the obligatory charity known as Zakaat.  In Arabic, the term zakaat literally means purification of the heart however; it is also the payment, from surplus money, of an obligatory charity designed by God to provide for all the needy members of the community.  It is a fixed calculable amount.

There is also another form of generosity in Islam called sadaqa.  Linguistically, sadaqa means truthfulness, and some scholars have described it as the heart being truthful to its Creator. Anything given generously – freely to others – with the intention of pleasing God is sadaqaSadaqa can be as simple as a smile, helping an elderly person with their groceries or removing objects from the road or path.

Generosity can be viewed as a wise investment in the future. Generosity or sadaqa may pave the way to Paradise because with every generous act comes great reward from God. However, being generous does not only mean giving freely from what you have in abundance.  Generosity does not lie in giving away something that is no longer useful but in giving freely from the things we love or need.

Aisha (the wife of the Prophet) said, “A lady, along with her two daughters came to me asking for some alms, but she found nothing with me except one date which I gave to her and she divided it between her two daughters.” (Saheeh Al-Bukhari)

God tells us in the Quran that whatever we give away generously, with the intention of pleasing Him, He will replace it. God knows what is in the hearts of men.

Say: “Truly, my Lord enlarges the provision for whom He wills of His slaves, and also restricts it) for him, and whatsoever you spend of anything (in God’s Cause), He will replace it.  And He is the Best of providers.” (Quran 34:39)

The Value of Generosity

The companions of Prophet Muhammad understood the value of being generous. Abdullah ibn Omar was seen in the market buying fodder for his camel on credit.  One of the men queried this knowing that Abdullah had received 4000 dirhams and a blanket the previous day.  It was explained that before nightfall Abdullah had distributed the money amongst the needy.  He then took the blanket, threw it over his shoulder and headed home, but by the time he arrived even the blanket was gone, he had given it to a needy person.

After the death of the Prophet, the people faced great hardship due to drought.  They came to Abu Bakr asking him to provide them with enough to sustain them, but he was unable to help, the treasury was empty.  Just at that time, the camel caravan belonging to Uthman arrived from Damascus.  It was filled with foodstuffs and other goods.  The merchants gathered at Uthman’s house offering him large amounts of money for the goods; however, he turned them down saying he was prepared only to give the goods to the One from whom he would receive the greatest reward.  Uthman gave all the goods to the starving people of Madinah and did not charge them.  He knew that God would reward him with something far greater than money.

Even in the direst of circumstances, person who is a true believer in Almighty God is able to be generous.

The people came to the Prophet Muhammad and asked, “If someone has nothing to give, what will he do?”  He said, “He should work with his hands and benefit himself and also give in charity (from what he earns).”  The people further asked, “If he cannot find even that?”  He replied, “He should help the needy who appeal for help.”  Then the people asked, “If he cannot do that?”  He replied, “Then he should perform good deeds and keep away from evil deeds and this will be regarded as charitable deeds.” (Saheeh Al-Bukhari)

And God says in the Quran that He will repay the generosity of a believer.

“And whatever you spend in good, it will be repaid to you in full, and you shall not be wronged.” (Quran 2:272)

God is the One who provides for us and He expects us to share generously.  We are encouraged to be benevolent and unselfish with our possessions, with our time and with our exemplary behaviour towards others.

 


Footnotes:

[1] Saheeh Al-Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim

The Islamic month in which Muslims fast, one of the five pillars of Islam.

http://www.islamreligion.com/articles/1668/

Ang katayuan ng “Aqsa mosk” sa puso ng mga muslim.

Ang “Aqsa Mosk” ay madaing pangalan sa historya nito at galing sa mga pinaka banal na aklat at ito ay:ang Quran at ang Sunnah, ang ibigsabihin ng “Aqsa” sa Arabic ay ang pinaka malayo, at maaaring ipinangalan ito sa banal na mosk dahil ito ang pinaka malayo na banal na mosk nadapat bisitahin ng isang muslim, maari din na ito ang tawag dito para iparating sa mga makaka rinig na itong mosk na ito ay malayo sa mga kadumihan, okaya na wala nang hihigit sa kabanalan sa itong mosk na ito. Itinawag din ito na : mosk ng “Ailia” at ibigsabihin nito ay ang bahay ng Allah at ang “Ailia” ay ang pangalan ng lugar kung nasaan itong banal na mosk ito. “Baytul Maqdis” ay isa din sa mga itinatawag dito, at “Maqdis” ay ang kalayuan sa mga kasalanan at ang kalinisan sa mga pagkakamali, ayon sa mga ipinangalan dito, makikita natin kung gaano kahalaga itong lugar na ito, at gaano kabanal ito para sa atin.
ang “Masjisdul Aqsa” ay na mensyon sa Suratul Israa, sa unang unang tula nito, at itong Surah nato ay ipinangalang “Israa” at ito ay ang arabik na salita para sa pagmunta ng propeta Muhammad (kapayapaan ay sa kanya) mula sa Masjidul Haram hanggang sa Masjidul Aqsa, ang pag pangalan sa itong surah na ito, at pagmensyon nitong Mosk na ito sa unang tula ay ang pinaka malaking karangalan para sa minamahal at nirerespto nating mosk.
Sinabi ng Allah (swt) sa banal na Quran :
(سبحان الذي أسرى بعبده ليلاً من المسجد الحرام إلى المسجد الأقصى الذي باركنا حوله لنريه من آياتنا إنه هو السميع البصير) – سورة الإسراء /آية 1
Ayon dito sa tula na ito; binigyan ng Allah (swt) ang banal na mosk na ito na banal na pangalan at ito ay “Masjidul Aqsa” at باركنا حوله” ay ang pagpapala na nasa paligid nito, at itong pagpala na ito ay hindi lang dahil sa kagandahan at kalapitan nitong simbahan na ito sa atin at ang mga nakapaligid sa kanya pero dahil sa pagpala na naibigay dito nandahil sa mga mensahe na pindala ng Allah (swt) sa mga propeta niyang ibinaba dito sa pinagpalang lugar na ito;ang minamahal nating Quds saka ang mga paligiran o kaya ang Palestina at ang mga paligid nitong mga bansa,at ayon naman sa Hadith na ito:
روى ابن حنبل في حديث الإسراء عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ـ قَالَ: (أُتِيتُ بِالْبُرَاقِ، وَهُوَ دَابَّةٌ أَبْيَضُ فَوْقَ الْحِمَارِ وَدُونَ الْبَغْلِ، يَضَعُ حَافِرَهُ عِنْدَ مُنْتَهَى طَرْفِهِ، فَرَكِبْتُهُ فَسَارَ بِي حَتَّى أتيت بيت الْمَقْدِسِ فَرَبَطْتُ الدَّابَّةَ بِالْحَلْقَةِ الَّتِي يَرْبِطُ فِيهَا الْأَنْبِيَاءُ، ثُمَّ دَخَلْتُ فَصَلَّيْتُ فِيهِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ …)
Ang isa pang pangalan nito ay “Baytul Maqdis” at ang Arabik na salitang “Quds” ay pinahahayag ang kahulugan ng kalinisan, kabanalan, pagpuri at ang ,mga matataas na kahulugan.
Ang “Aqsa Mosk” ay mataas sa paniningin ng mga muslim, ito ay malalim sa mga puso ng mga taong muslim. Sa pagsimula nong sinilang itong mahalagang simbahan na ito, ay pinagtatanggul ng mga bayaning muslim, at para dito ay madaing kaluluwang na ibayad, at mahigit mas malaki ang binayad na dugo, para dito na tanim ang pangalan ni bayaning “Salah Al-deen Al-ayyubiy” dahil sa kahanga-hangang taktika niya matapos ito maokupahan ng mga crusaders.

Ito din ay ang unang “Qibla” ng mga muslim, at ito ay hinatid saatin ng Hadith na ito:
1. حَدَّثَنَا ‏ ‏عَلْقَمَةُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو الدَّارِمِيُّ ‏ ‏حَدَّثَنَا ‏ ‏أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ عَيَّاشٍ ‏ ‏عَنْ ‏ ‏أَبِي إِسْحَقَ ‏ ‏عَنْ ‏الْبَرَاءِ ‏ ‏قَالَ صَلَّيْنَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ‏ ‏صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ‏ ‏نَحْوَ ‏ ‏بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ ‏ ‏ثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ شَهْرًا وَصُرِفَتْ الْقِبْلَةُ إِلَى ‏ ‏الْكَعْبَةِ ‏ ‏بَعْدَ دُخُولِهِ إِلَى ‏ ‏الْمَدِينَةِ ‏ ‏بِشَهْرَيْنِ وَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ‏ ‏صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ‏ ‏إِذَا صَلَّى إِلَى ‏ ‏بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ ‏ ‏أَكْثَرَ تَقَلُّبَ وَجْهِهِ فِي السَّمَاءِ وَعَلِمَ اللَّهُ مِنْ قَلْبِ نَبِيِّهِ ‏ ‏صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ‏ ‏أَنَّهُ ‏ ‏يَهْوَى ‏ ‏الْكَعْبَةَ ‏ ‏فَصَعِدَ ‏ ‏جِبْرِيلُ ‏ ‏فَجَعَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ‏ ‏صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ‏ ‏يُتْبِعُهُ بَصَرَهُ وَهُوَ يَصْعَدُ بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ يَنْظُرُ مَا يَأْتِيهِ بِهِ فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ‏ )قَدْ نَرَى ‏ ‏تَقَلُّبَ ‏وَجْهِكَ فِي السَّمَاءِ ( الْآيَةَ فَأَتَانَا ‏ ‏آتٍ ‏ ‏فَقَالَ إِنَّ الْقِبْلَةَ قَدْ صُرِفَتْ إِلَى ‏ ‏الْكَعْبَةِ ‏ ‏وَقَدْ صَلَّيْنَا رَكْعَتَيْنِ إِلَى ‏ ‏بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسٍ ‏ وَنَحْنُ رُكُوعٌ فَتَحَوَّلْنَا فَبَنَيْنَا عَلَى مَا مَضَى مِنْ صَلَاتِنَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ‏ ‏صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ‏ ‏يَا ‏‏جِبْرِيلُ ‏ ‏كَيْفَ حَالُنَا فِي صَلَاتِنَا إِلَى ‏بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ‏ ‏فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ‏)وَمَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيُضِيعَ ‏ ‏إِيمَانَكُمْ(.رواه الإمام أبي داود في سننه حديث 1738

Sinabi din ng propeta Muhammad (sws) na ang Aqsa ay isa sa tatlong Mosk na dapat dasalan at bisitahin at wala ng iba pa sa tatlong ito.

“لا تشدّ الرحال إلا إلى ثلاثة مساجد. المسجد الحرام والمسجد والأقصى ومسجدي هذا”.

At ang propeta Muhammad (sws) din ang nag guhit ng pagsama ng Aqsa sa Masjidul Haram sa kabanalan kahit na ba hindi sila magkapantay, dahil siya ang nag-utos kay Usama Bin Zaid na isama niya ang hukbo ng mga muslim na pumunta sa Palestina kahit na malaking hamon ang naghihintay sa kanila.

Si Abu Bakr naman, hindi pa natatapos sa mga tumalikod sa relihyong Islam, ay pinadala niya ang mga hukbong muslim sa emperong Romanian para ibalik ang Aqsa sa lakad ng Tawheed=monoteismi at banal na papatnubay. At matapos na mangyari ito nakuwa na ni Umar Bin Al-Khattab ang susi ng Quds at pumagaspas na ang bandila ng kaisahan ng Allah sa langit ng Aqsa mahigit limang dantaon.

Ayon naman sa Hadith na susunod, ang Aqsa ay nailagay sa mundong ito matapos ma ilagay ang Masjidul Haram ng apatnapung taon; ang pagitan nila ay hindi kalakihan.

حَدَّثَنِي ‏ ‏عُمَرُ بْنُ حَفْصٍ ‏ ‏حَدَّثَنَا ‏ ‏أَبِي ‏ ‏حَدَّثَنَا ‏ ‏الْأَعْمَشُ ‏ ‏حَدَّثَنَا ‏ ‏إِبْرَاهِيمُ التَّيْمِيُّ ‏ ‏عَنْ ‏ ‏أَبِيهِ ‏( ‏عَنْ ‏ ‏أَبِي ذَرٍّ ‏ ‏رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ ‏ ‏قَالَ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏ ‏أَيُّ مَسْجِدٍ وُضِعَ أَوَّلَ قَالَ ‏ ‏الْمَسْجِدُ الْحَرَامُ ‏ ‏قُلْتُ ثُمَّ أَيٌّ قَالَ ثُمَّ ‏ ‏الْمَسْجِدُ الْأَقْصَى ‏ ‏قُلْتُ كَمْ كَانَ بَيْنَهُمَا قَالَ أَرْبَعُونَ ثُمَّ قَالَ حَيْثُمَا أَدْرَكَتْكَ الصَّلَاةُ فَصَلِّ وَالْأَرْضُ لَكَ مَسْجِدٌ.)
رواه ابن ماجه في سننه حديث 1000
At ayon naman sa hinatid sa atin ni Hisham Ibnu Ammar, ay malaki ang ganting pala ni Allah (swt) para sa mga magdadasal sa Aqsa:
حَدَّثَنَا ‏ ‏هِشَامُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ ‏ ‏حَدَّثَنَا ‏ ‏أَبُو الْخَطَّابِ الدِّمَشْقِيُّ ‏ ‏حَدَّثَنَا ‏ ‏رُزَيْقٌ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْأَلْهَانِيُّ ‏ ‏عَنْ ‏ ‏أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ ‏ ‏قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ‏ ‏صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ‏ ‏صَلَاةُ الرَّجُلِ فِي بَيْتِهِ بِصَلَاةٍ وَصَلَاتُهُ فِي مَسْجِدِ الْقَبَائِلِ بِخَمْسٍ وَعِشْرِينَ صَلَاةً وَصَلَاتُهُ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ الَّذِي يُجَمَّعُ فِيهِ بِخَمْسِ مِائَةِ صَلَاةٍ وَصَلَاتُهُ فِي ‏ ‏الْمَسْجِدِ الْأَقْصَى ‏ ‏بِخَمْسِينَ أَلْفِ صَلَاةٍ وَصَلَاتُهُ فِي ‏ ‏مَسْجِدِي ‏ ‏بِخَمْسِينَ أَلْفِ صَلَاةٍ وَصَلَاةٌ فِي ‏ ‏الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ ‏ ‏بِمِائَةِ أَلْفِ صَلَاةٍ./ رواه الإمام أحمد في مسنده حديث 21286

Sinabi naman ni Muhaammad Ibn Ahmad Al-Maqdisiy, at siya ay isa sa mga arabong globetrotter, nilibut niya halos lahat ng Arabik na bansa at ibapa, binigyan niya ito ng peryang larawan, at tungkol sa Palestina naman, ang bansa ng Aqsa, at ang simula at pundasyon ng pagpala, sa libro niyang: “ Ahsan Al-Taqasem fee ma’arifati Al-Aqaleem” at ang kahulugan nito ay: pinaka mabuting pangmukha sa kaalaman tungkol sa mga teritoryo. Deniscribihin niya sa libro na ito ang Biladul Sham (mga bansa ng Sham*) at ang mga pagpuri dito, at bakit ito ay pinagpala:

*Sham: Lumang Termino para sa : Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, Jordan at ibang bahagi ng Turkey.

“Ang Teritoryo ng Sham ay mataas, ito ay ang bahay ng mga propeta at sentro ng mga mabubuti, ito ay ang metal ng mga alternitibo, at ang pangangailangalan ng mga nobel na tao, nandito ang unang Qibla*, dito sisingilin ang mga tao, at dito ang paglakad nila, ito ay ang banal na lupain,…..dito nag punta si Ibraheem, at dito din ang libingan niya, nandito ang bahay ni Ayyoob at dasalan ni Dawood, nandito din ang mga lungsod ni Sulaiman, dito ang lupa ni Ishaq at ang nanay niya, dito ipinanganak si Isa, dito din ang nayon ni Talut, napatay si Jalut dito…

Qibla: ang direksyon sa pagdadasal ng mga muslim.

يقول المقدسي في كتابه أحسن التقاسيم عن عموم بركة بلاد الشام :
” إقليم الشام جليل الشأن، ديار النبيين ومركز الصالحين، ومعدن البدلاء ومطلب الفضلاء، به القبلة الأولى، وموضع الحشر والمسرى، والأرض المقدسة، والرباطات الفاضلة، والثغور الجليلة والجبال الشريفة، ومُهاجَر إبراهيم وقبره، وديار أيوب وبئره، ومحراب داود وبابه، وعجائب سليمان ومدنه، وتربة إسحق وأمه، ومولد المسيح ومهده، وقرية طالوت ونهره، ومقتل جالوت وحصنه، وجبّ أرميا وحبسه، ومسجد أوريا وبيته، وقبة محمد وبابه، وصخرة موسى وربوة عيسى ومحراب زكريا ومعرك يحيى، ومشاهد الأنبياء وقرى أيوب، ومنازل يعقوب، والمسجد الأقصى، وجبل زيتا، ……..”
At bakit ang Aqsa ay ganito kahalaga? At pati yuong mga paligid niya ay nadamay sa pagpuri, kabanalan, kataasan, kalinisan, at pagpala?
Dahil:
– Ito ang palawang Mosk na nilagay sa mundong ito.
– Isa sa mga tatlong Mosk na minensyon ng propeta Muhammad (sws)na dapat bisitahin.
– Isa sa mga tatlong Mosk na puweding mag I’tikaf* sa luob niya.
* I’itikaf: ang pananatili sa mosk para lang magsamba.
– Ang dasal dito ay katumbas ng limampung dasal sa ganting pala.
– Paglabas ng nagdasal dito ay para siyang bagong panganak dahil walang kasalanan.
– Ito ang unang Qibla ng mga muslim.
– Dito tumira halus lahat ng mga propeta.
– Ito ang pinipili ng mga muslim na tirahan dahil sa pagpala.
– Ito ay palaging natatarget ng mga kaaway at mula pa nuon ay marami ng napatay para dito.
-Ito ang lupa ng mga Mujahedeen*.
* Mujahedeen: mga lumalaban para kay Allah (swt).
– Dito nag dasal si propeta Muhammad (sws) bilang Imam (pinuno) ng lahat ng mga propeta.
– Galing dito itinaas ng Allah (swt) si Muhammad (sws) sa langit nong gabi ng “Israa at Miraj”.
– Ang Aqsa ay sumaksi at sumasaksi sa kabutihan o kasamaan na nangyari sa mga muslim mula nuong natanim ito sa mundo.
– Itong lugar na ito at ang mga paligid niya ay ang sentro ng pagmamlasakit ng propeta Muhammad (sws).
– Dito ibababaa ni Allah (swt) si propeta Isa (alayhi Assalam) galing sa langit.
– At hindi kahuli hulihan ay : ang Aqsa at ang mga paligid nito ay lugar ng maraming mga senyas ng araw ng pagkabuhay ng muli.
– Marami pang iba ibang mga dahilan kung bakit ang Aqsa ay minamahal at malawak at malaki ang katayuan nito sa mga puso natin bilang muslim, at hindi makakaya ng kahit sinu mang tao na isulat o sakupin lahat nang ito, dahil marami tayong hindi alam at lahat ng ito ay nasa kaalaman lang ng Allah (swt).
Sa ngalan ng lahat ng mga muslim, Ikaw o Aqsa ay nasa puso’t isapan namin, at tuloy tuloy kanamin pinagdadasal..