The Angels and the sons of Adam

Second : The Angels and the sons of Adam

The connection between the Angels and the descendants of Adam is very strong . They are there when a person is created ; they guard him / her after he/she  emerges into his world . They bring the wahy ( revelation ) from Allah (swt)  and they watch over people’s action and behavior. And they bring a person’s soul forht from his body when his appointed time ( of death ) comes.

1. Their role in the creation of man ; It is narrated that Ibn Mas’ood (ra) said :” The Messenger of Allah (swt) who is the most truthful one , told us ; “Each one of you comes together in their mother ‘s womb for forty days , then become an “alaqah (clot) for a similar period of time. Then he becomes a mudghah ( chewed lump of flesh ) for a similar length of time . Then Allah sends an angel to him , who is commanded with four things . It is said  to him : Write down his deeds, his provision , and whether he is doomed ( destined for hell ) or  blessed ( destined for Paradise). Then the soul is breathed into him.” ( Bukhari and Muslim)

2. The angels guard the sons of Adam

It is the same { to him }concerning you whether one conceals ( his ) speech or one publicizes it and  whether  one is hidden by night or conspicuous among others by day. For each one are successive( angel ) before and behind him who protect him by the decree of Allah. ( 13 : 10-11)

Successive angels refer to the angels whom Allah (asw)

Allah (swt) says :appoints to guard a person from front and from behind. Then when the decree of Allah (swt) comes , which Allah wills should befall him , and then they withdraw from him. MUjaahid ( a scholar ) said :  ” There is no person who does not have an angel appointed to protect him when he is asleep and when he is awake , from the jinn, other men and savage beasts. None of these come him , but the angel tells it , ” keep away!” except for that which Allah has given permission to befall him.”

3. The emissaries of Allah to his Messengers and Prophets 

Allah (swt ) has told us that Jibbreel (as ) is the only who carries out his mission :

Allah (swt) says:

The Trustworthy Spirit has brought it down Upon you heart , { O Muhammad } that you may be of the warner { 26:193- 194).

The mission Jibreel (as) is not restricted only to conveying the Wahy from Allah (swt) . He used to come to the Prophet Muhammad (saw) every year in Ramadhan , on every night of that month , to teach him the Qur’an.

The Angels and man

First : The angels and man:

when Allah (swt) wanted to create Adam (as), He informed his angels of that.

They ask him the reason behind that , because they knew that the sons of Adam would cause corruption and shed blood , and they would disobey Allah and  disbelieve.He told them that there were reason for the creation of Adam which they did not know.

Allah (swt) says :

And (mention ,O Muhammad )when your Lord said to the Angles, ” Indeed , I will make upon the earth a successive authority ,” They said< ” Will you place upon it one who cause s corruption therein and sheds blood , while we declare Your praise and sanctify You ?” , ” Indeed , I know that which you do not know,” {2:30}.

a. Their prostration to Adam when he was created

Allah (swt) commanded His Angels to prostrate to Adam (as) when He had completed his creation and breathed his soul into him :

Allah (swt ) says:

{ So mention } when your Lord said to the angels , ” Indeed , I am going to create a human being from clay.So when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of My {created } soul , then fall down to him in prostration.” ( 38 : 71-72 ).

they responded to the commanded ,except for Iblees.

Allah (swt ) says:

( So the angels prostrated all of them entirely .Except Iblees ; he was arrogant and became among the disbeliever . {38: 74 }..

B. The angels washed Adam (as) when he died

when Adam (as) died , his children did not know what they should do with his body , so the angels taught them. It is narrated from Ubayy ( RA ) that the prophetMuhammad (saw) said : When Adam died ,the angel washed his body with water an odd number of times, then they buried him in a grave with a niche (lahd) , and said : this is the way of the son of Adam.” Saheeh al – Jaami….

 

 

Niyyah ( intention ) and Ordinary deeds

63586_10202420590829042_397924745_n[1]On the ather hand , any ordinary deeds is regarded as an act of worship if the intention behind it is to obey and please Allah alone , and man will be rewarded for it as a good deed .

The prophet ( peae be upon him ) said :” Allah will rewarded you for whatever  you spend with the intention of gaining Allah ‘s pleasure even if it were a mouthful of food you put into your wife’s mouth .”

Mua’aath Ibn Jabal (ra) used to say : ” I expect Allah ( subhanahu wa Taa’la ) to reward for the time I spend in sleep as i expect him to reward me for night prayer , because I sleep with the intention to strengthen myself for the night prayer “.

 

Good Intention do not justify bad Deeds

However , good motivation behind a wrong action does not make it good.and does not justify it. In other words , the good intention is not a valid excuse for  commiting wrongful or sinful acts. However ,if the person does this out of ignorance he might be exempted.

Intention and Acts of WorshipCAUBC5EB:

In islam , Niyyah ( intention ) is part of every act of worship.

The validity of the act of worship depends upon the sincerity of intention.

1. If the intention is sencerity for the sake of Allah  , the act of worship is correct and accepted.

The Propheta (peace be upon him) said; ” On the Day of resurrection deeds will be presented to Allah .From them the deeds done  sincerely for Allah’s sake will be separated and the rest will be thrown in the Fire of Hell.”

2. If the intention is not for the sake of Allah then the act of worship is incorrect and rejected.

3. If the intention backing the act of worship is to please Allah but mixed  with other purposes then the act of worship is incorrect and will be rejected for Allah Almighty ;

The Prophet (peace be upon him)said: Whosoever prays to show off is associating a partner with Allah .Whosoever fasts to show off , he is associating a partner with Allah.Whosoever gives a charity to show off he is associating a partner with Allah “.

The Hadith emphasizes that the muslim must be sincere , truthful , and honest in his act of worship , he must make them all exclusively for  the sake of Allah alone.

Sincerity is  one of  the conditions od accepting good deeds.

The other condition is that the action must be done in accordance with the Shariah as it will be explained in the other Hadith.

Deeds are but by intentions

The Hadith means that action are juded according to the motivations behind them.The validity or goodness of action depends upon the intention associated them.

The reward or punishment of an action is not only determined by the nature of the action itself but also according to the intentions linked with it.

Therefore intention is the most important factor for our actions.And Allah Almighty looks first into our hearts to judge our action.One can say the intention is the spirit of the action.The action is accepted or rejected according to what is in our hearts.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said :” Allah does not look at your bodies, nor does He look at your appearance, but He looks at your hearts “.

 

Hadith Prophet Muhammad (saw)

The Prophet said,

  “The example of the person abiding by Allah’s order and restrictions in comparison to those who violate them is like the example of those persons who drew lots for their seats in a boat.

    Some of them got seats in the upper part, and the others in the lower. When the latter needed water, they had to go up to bring water (and that troubled the others), so they said, ‘Let us make a hole in our share of the ship (and get water) saving those who are above us from troubling them.

  So, if the people in the upper part left the others do what they had suggested, all the people of the ship would be destroyed, but if they prevented them, both parties would be safe.”

Patience in the Qur’an: Six Benefits

1. Instruction: Patience is enjoyed upon the Believers. 

And endure patiently, your patience is not but from Allah. (16:127)

So wait patiently for the Decision of your Lord, for verily, you are under Our Eyes. (52:48)

2. That which is opposite to patience is forbidden

So wait with patience for the Decision of your Lord, and be not like the Companion of the Fish – when he cried out (to Us) while he was in deep sorrow. (68:48)

3. Patience is made a condition of success and prosperity
 
O you who believe! Endure and be more patient, and guard your territory by stationing army units permanently at the places from where the enemy can attack you, and fear Allah, so that you may be successful. (3:200)

4. The reward of those who exercise patience is doubled

These will be given their reward twice over, because they are patient, and repel evil with good, and spend out of what We have provided them. (28:54)

Only those who are patient shall receive their reward in full, without reckoning. (39:10)

Sulayman ibn Qasim said, “the reward of every deed is known, except for the reward of patience which will be like heavy rain.”

5. Patience and emaan are pre-requisites for leadership in religion

And We made from among them (Children of Israel), leaders, giving guidance under Our Command, when they were patient and used to believe with certainty in Our Ayat. (32:24)

6. Patience is the way to earn the Companionship of Allah

And be patient. Surely, Allah is with those who are patient.

 

 

 

The effect of friends on a person

Abu Musa al-Ash’ari narrated that the Prophet r said: “A good friend and a bad friend are like a perfume-seller and a blacksmith: The perfume-seller might give you some perfume as a gift, or you might buy some from him, or at least you might smell its fragrance. As for the blacksmith, he might singe your clothes, and at the very least you will breathe in the fumes of the furnace.” [Bukhari]

 General Meaning:

ItIt is a concern in Islam to lead or guide the Muslims in the gathering of good people because the human is affected in a good way or in a bad way by his friend. Thus, he should keep company with the righteous people.

–       Also, it warns the Muslim from making friendship with or accompanying bad people such as those who don’t pray, those who don’t follow the Sunnah, those who smoke, etc…