The Farewell Sermon of the Prophet (pbuh)

hajj (58)

It was held on the 10the day of Dhul Hijjah in the plain of Arafat attended by 100,000 Muslims. It was the first and last Hajj of Prophet and the second Hajj in Islam. The Prophet summarized the concepts of Islam because he knew that he is going to die.

“ O people! Listen to what I say. I do not know whether I will ever meet you at this place once again after this current year. It is unlawful for you to shed the blood of one another or take (unlawfully) the fortunes of one another. They are as unlawful, (Haram) as shedding blood on such a day as today and in such a month as this Haram month and in such a sanctified city as this sacred city” (Makkah and the surrounding areas).
“Behold all practices of paganism and ignorance are now under my feet. The blood-revenge of the Days of ignorance (pre-Islamic time) are remitted. The first claim on blood I abolish is that of Ibn Rabi’a bin Harith who was nursed in the tribe of Sa’d and whom Hudhail killed. Usury is forbidden, and I make a beginning by remitting the amount of interest which ‘Abbas bin ‘Abdul Muttalib has to receive. Verily, it is entirely.”
“O people Fear Allah concerning women. Verily you have taken them on the security of Allah and have made their persons lawful unto you by Words of Allah! It is incumbent upon them to honor their conjugal rights and, not to commit acts of impropriety which, if they do, you have authority to chastise them, yet not severely. If your wives refrain from impropriety and are faithful to you, clothe and feed them suitably.”
“Verily, I have left amongst you the book of Allah and the Sunnah (Traditions) of His Messenger which if you hold fast, you shall never go astray.”
“O people, I am not succeeded by a prophet and you are not succeeded by any nation. So I recommend you to worship your Lord, to pray the five prayers, to fast Ramadan and to offer the Zakah (poor-due) of your provision willingly. I recommend you to do the pilgrimage to the Sacred House of your Lord and to obey those who are in charge of you then you will be awarded to enter the paradise of your Lord.”
“And if you were asked about me, what wanted you to say?”
They replied: “We bear witness that you have conveyed the message and discharged your ministry.” He the raised his forefinger skywards and then moved it down towards people while saying:
“O Allah Bear witness.” He said that phrase thrice.

As soon as the Prophet (PBUH) had accomplished delivering the speech, the following Qur’anic verse was revealed to him: “This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and chosen Islam as you religion.” (5:3)

Some of the Teaching of the Prophet (peace be upon him) at Madinah Al-Munawwarah

He used to bring them up in the light of the righteousness and praiseworthy manners and was keen on infusing into the ethics of amity, glory, honor, worship and first and foremost obedience to Allah and His Messenger.

 “That you provide food and extend greetings to one whom you know or do
 not know” Sahih Al-Bukhari, 1/6, 9.
 “Extend peace greetings amongst yourselves, provide food to the needy, maintain uterine relations, observe prayer at night while people are asleep, then you will peacefully enter the Garden (Paradise.)”
 “The Muslim is that one from whose tongue and hand the Muslims are safe.” Sahih Al-Bukhari, 1/6.
 “None amongst you believes (truly) till one likes for his brother that which he loves for himself.”
 He will not enter Paradise, he whose neighbor is not secure from his wrongful conduct.” Narrated by Muslim
 “ A Muslim is the brother of a Muslim; he neither oppresses him nor does he fail him. Whosoever removes a worldly grief from a believer, Allah will remove from him one of the grief’s of the Day of Judgement. Whosoever shields a Muslim, Allah will shield him on the Day of Resurrection.”
 “Abusing a Muslim is an outrage and fighting against him is disbelief.”
Sahih Al-Bukhari.
 “To remove something harmful from the road, is Charity.”
 “Charity erases sins just as water extinguishes fire.”
 “He is not a perfect believer, who goes to bed full and knows that his neighbor is hungry.”
 “Show mercy to people on earth so that Allah will have mercy on you in heaven.”
 “Try to avert fire even by half a date (in charity) if not by tendering a good word.” Sahih Al-Bukhari
 “Clothing an under-clad Muslim, entitles you to a garment from the Paradise; feeding a hungry Muslim will make you eligible (by Allah’s Will) for the fruit of the Paradise, and if you provide water to a thirsty Muslim, Allah will provide you with a drink from ‘the Sealed Nectar’.”
He used as well to exhort the believers to spend in charity reminding them of
relevant virtues for which the heart yearn.
 “The believers in their love, are like the human body where when the eye is in agony, the entire body feels the pain; when the head aches, all the body will suffer.” Narrated by Muslim.
 “The bones of brotherhood between two Muslims are like parts of a house, one part strengthens and holds the other.”
 “Do not have malice against a Muslim; do not be envious of other Muslims; do not go against a Muslim and forsake him. O the slaves of Allah! Be like brothers with each other. It is not violable for a Muslim to desert his brother for over three days.” Sahih Al-Bukhari.

Five levels of Salah (Prayer )

Ibn-Al-Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah (Rahimahullaah) (A prominent Muslim Scholar) categorized prayers into five levels. This is a great guide to judge where you’re in relation to your prayer and to constantly be trying to improve your prayer and move to a higher level.

The First:
…The level of the one who is negligent and wrongs his soul. He is the one who falls short in performing wudhoo (ablution) properly, performing the prayer upon its time and within its specified limits, and in fulfilling its essential pillars.

The Second:
The one who guards his prayers upon their proper times and within their specified limits, fulfills their essential pillars and performs his Wudu with care. However, his striving in achieving the above is wasted due to whispers that make him not focusing in his prayer so that he is taken away by thoughts and ideas.

The Third:
The one who guards his prayers within the specified limits, fulfills their essential pillars and strives with himself to repel the whisperings, thoughts and ideas. He is busy struggling against his enemy (Shaytaan or Satan) so that he does not steal from his prayer. On account of this he is engaged in (both) prayer and Jihad (Struggle/Sacrifice).

The Fourth:
The one who stands for the prayer, completes and perfects its due rights, it’s essential pillars, performs it within its specified limits and his heart becomes engrossed in safeguarding its rights and specified limits, so that nothing is wasted from it. His whole concern is directed towards its establishment, its completion and its perfection, as it should be. His heart is immersed in the prayer and worshipping his Lord the Exalted.

The Fifth:
The one who stands for the prayer like the one mentioned above. However, on top of this, he has taken and placed his heart in front of his Lord, looking towards Him with his heart with anticipation, (his heart) filled with His love and His might, as if he sees and witnesses Allah. The whisperings, thoughts and ideas have vanished and the coverings which are between him and his Lord are raised. What is between this person and others with respect to the prayer, is superior and greater than what is between the heavens and the earth. This person is busy with his Lord, delighted with Him.

The First type will be punished,
the second type will be held to account,
the third will have his sins and shortcomings expiated,
the fourth will be rewarded,
and the fifth will be close to his Lord, because he/she will receive the portion of the one who makes his prayer the delight and pleasure of his eye.

Whoever makes his prayer, the delight and pleasure of his eye, will have the nearness to his Lord made the delight and pleasure of his eye in the hereafter.

He will also be made a pleasure to the eye in this world since whoever makes Allah the pleasure of his eye in this world, every other eye will become delighted and pleased with him.