It was held on the 10the day of Dhul Hijjah in the plain of Arafat attended by 100,000 Muslims. It was the first and last Hajj of Prophet and the second Hajj in Islam. The Prophet summarized the concepts of Islam because he knew that he is going to die.
“ O people! Listen to what I say. I do not know whether I will ever meet you at this place once again after this current year. It is unlawful for you to shed the blood of one another or take (unlawfully) the fortunes of one another. They are as unlawful, (Haram) as shedding blood on such a day as today and in such a month as this Haram month and in such a sanctified city as this sacred city” (Makkah and the surrounding areas).
“Behold all practices of paganism and ignorance are now under my feet. The blood-revenge of the Days of ignorance (pre-Islamic time) are remitted. The first claim on blood I abolish is that of Ibn Rabi’a bin Harith who was nursed in the tribe of Sa’d and whom Hudhail killed. Usury is forbidden, and I make a beginning by remitting the amount of interest which ‘Abbas bin ‘Abdul Muttalib has to receive. Verily, it is entirely.”
“O people Fear Allah concerning women. Verily you have taken them on the security of Allah and have made their persons lawful unto you by Words of Allah! It is incumbent upon them to honor their conjugal rights and, not to commit acts of impropriety which, if they do, you have authority to chastise them, yet not severely. If your wives refrain from impropriety and are faithful to you, clothe and feed them suitably.”
“Verily, I have left amongst you the book of Allah and the Sunnah (Traditions) of His Messenger which if you hold fast, you shall never go astray.”
“O people, I am not succeeded by a prophet and you are not succeeded by any nation. So I recommend you to worship your Lord, to pray the five prayers, to fast Ramadan and to offer the Zakah (poor-due) of your provision willingly. I recommend you to do the pilgrimage to the Sacred House of your Lord and to obey those who are in charge of you then you will be awarded to enter the paradise of your Lord.”
“And if you were asked about me, what wanted you to say?”
They replied: “We bear witness that you have conveyed the message and discharged your ministry.” He the raised his forefinger skywards and then moved it down towards people while saying:
“O Allah Bear witness.” He said that phrase thrice.
As soon as the Prophet (PBUH) had accomplished delivering the speech, the following Qur’anic verse was revealed to him: “This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and chosen Islam as you religion.” (5:3)